HISTORY

Mehmet Kalpaklı, Ph.D., Acting Chair

Academic Staff
Courses

The Department of History functions mainly as a graduate department, offering M.A. and Ph.D. programs in the areas of Ottoman, American, and European histories. At the undergraduate level, the department offers both compulsory and elective courses in History of Civilization (HCIV 101/102) for the students of other departments and faculties, and provides preparatory courses for the entering graduate students entering the Department of History, some of which are also offered as electives for senior undergraduates of other departments.

MINOR PROGRAM

History is the academic study of past societies by means of written sources. An understanding of history is important for all students. Familiarity with the past of one's own country, as well as that of other countries, is obviously essential for both one's own identity but also for a full appreciation of the increasingly global atmosphere of the twenty-first century. Without a sense of history, we are nothing!

The new minor program in history is intended to teach the main skills of historical research while providing a strong background in the three main areas taught by the History Department: students will undertake a study of Ottoman history from the classical period to the early twentieth century, as well as research about medieval and modern Europe and the history of the USA. Emphasis is placed on independent thinking and critical analysis of sources and ideas rather than mere memorization of names and dates.

The minor courses in history form part of the History Department's preparatory year for its master's students. These courses are specifically designed for students with no previous experience of studying history and are already popular as electives among students from undergraduate departments. The minor program is open therefore to applicants with a sufficient CGPA from any department. Students who are considering a graduate degree in history are encouraged to apply, and those in social sciences and humanities who wish to support their major field with a broader historical knowledge will also find the history minor useful. However, the minor program requires no prior, specialist experience of studying history or related disciplines, and it will therefore be of interest to those students who simply wish to improve their knowledge of history, as well as those who have a more long-term interest in history as an academic field.

Prerequisite Courses: None

CURRICULUM

Courses

Code Course Name Hours Credit ECTS
Credit
Lec. Other
HIST 411  Ottoman History: 1300-1600  3    3  6
HIST 412  Ottoman History: 1600-1914  3    3  6
HIST 418  Modern Europe (1453-1914)  3    3  6
  Electives (3)      9  18

GRADUATE PROGRAM

The Department of History offers graduate programs in Ottoman, European and American history, leading to Master's and Ph.D. degrees. Emphasis is placed on preparing students to be able to undertake independent research in these particular fields. The graduate program involves a preparatory year designed to give students the background knowledge, skills and language proficiency which will enable them ultimately to make original research with primary source materials. Since profound historical research can only be carried out through the use of primary source materials, it is necessary for students to acquire the relevant linguistic and paleographic skills.

Master of Arts in History

The program is designed to concentrate on the areas of Ottoman History, European History and the History of the United States.

The preparatory year prior to the Master's program provides a background in Western and Turkish history. The first year in the Master's program features specialized courses in Ottoman History, European History, and the History of the United States. Students should by then have acquired a solid knowledge in history so as to be able to raise questions concerning more specific historical themes. During the second year the student begins to write his/her Master's thesis under the supervision of an advisor. During the Master's program the student is expected to submit papers at the end of each semester.

Admission: Graduates from all departments may apply to this program. An undergraduate degree in History is not a prerequisite for entering the M.A. program. All students entering the graduate program in history must take one year of preparatory courses before they begin to take Master's level courses of the department. Therefore, graduates from the Faculties of Management, Engineering or Science, as well as those from Humanities and Social Sciences Faculties who are interested in history are also eligible to apply for admission. Students admitted should have passed the English Language Test (level equivalent to internet based TOEFL 87). (Also refer to the ``Graduate Admissions'' section in the introduction of this catalog for the general graduate admission requirements.)

Degree Requirements:

  1. Completion of at least 24 graduate-level credits after a preparatory year.
  2. Within the program there are three tracks: Ottoman History, European History, and American History. Elective and Restricted Elective courses appropriate to each track will be designated within the curriculum below.
  3. Students of Ottoman History must demonstrate competence in Ottoman Turkish and one modern language other than English or Turkish.
  4. Students of European History and the History of the United States must demonstrate competence in one modern language other than English or Turkish.
  5. A Master's thesis must be submitted and accepted.
  6. A grade point average of at least 3.00 must be maintained for the totality of Master's level work.

CURRICULUM

Courses

Code Course Name Hours Credit ECTS
Credit
Lec. Other
GE 500  Research Methods and Academic Publication Ethics      -  1
GE 590  Academic Practices      -  12
HIST 507  Methodology in History I  3    3  8
HIST 508  Methodology in History II  3    3  8
HIST 599  Master's Thesis      -  56
HIST 692  Pre-Thesis Seminar  3    -  1
Elective      3  6
**  Restricted Electives (5)      15  30

* Any 5XX or higher level course at least 3 credits.

** Any 5XX or higher level HIST course at least 3 credits.

Doctor of Philosophy in History

To enter the Ph.D. program a candidate is required to have completed an M.A. program in History, and passed the entrance exam for his/her specific major area of the doctoral program. Applicants with M.A. degrees from other programs at Bilkent or other universities are also subject to the same requirements for admission into the doctoral program. (Also refer to the "Graduate Admissions" section in the introduction of this catalog for the general graduate admission requirements.)

Among the degree requirements is a minimum of 24 credit units of graduate level course work beyond the course work completed at the Master's level, to be determined by the advisor and the departmental chair for each doctoral candidate. To meet the course requirements, the candidates may take the graduate level history courses that they have not previously taken and, if necessary, graduate level courses from other departments. For those who have taken graduate courses elsewhere, the department may apply for permission from the director of the graduate school (the Institute) to grant partial or full-credit for such courses. The candidate may also take language courses as recommended by his/her advisor. The candidate is expected to have participated in seminars offered on source materials. Within the program there are three tracks: Ottoman History, European History, and American History. Courses appropriate to each track will be designated within the curriculum below.

Candidates in Ottoman history are required to undergo language examinations in one of the Western languages (French, German, Latin, Ancient Greek, Italian) and in one of the Middle Eastern languages (Arabic, Persian) in reading proficiency prior to the comprehensive exams.

After the completion of a minimum of 24 credits of course work, the candidate is eligible to take the written and oral comprehensive exams. The first part of these examinations evaluates the candidate's expertise in the relevant field/period. The second part is tailored to each particular students' research proposal for the dissertation. The candidate must prepare a doctoral dissertation embodying original research and must successfully defend it in a final exam before a committee of the faculty before the end of the fourth year of the doctoral program unless an extension is granted. A paper based on the candidate's thesis must be accepted or published in a reputable journal before the dissertation can be defended. The dissertation has to represent a substantial contribution to the historical knowledge in one of the particular fields of study.

CURRICULUM

Courses

Code Course Name Hours Credit ECTS
Credit
Lec. Other
GE 500  Research Methods and Academic Publication Ethics      -  1
GE 690  Academic Practices      -  24
HIST 693  Pre-Thesis Seminar  3    -  1
HIST 699  Ph.D. Dissertation      -  160
Elective      3  6
**  Restricted Electives (7)      21  42

* Any 5XX or higher level course at least 3 credits.

** Any 5XX or higher level HIST course at least 3 credits.


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